4. Best Management Practices for Farm Biosecurity for Pig Production
Facilities and procedures must be in place to keep out rodents (rodent proofing of barn and integrated rodent control program), birds (netting), insects (screening), pets and wildlife to minimize the risk of contamination of the CAZ and RAZ.
4.7.1 No birds should be tolerated in the barn
18.104.22.168 Screening or netting over inlets is needed if this is a problem.
22.214.171.124 For open sided barns, bird screening will keep them out.
4.7.2 Insects, if a problem can be controlled by:
126.96.36.199 Screening of inlets.
188.8.131.52 Constant dust removal from screens is needed to maintain air flow.
184.108.40.206 Clean up feed and manure spills that attract flies.
220.127.116.11 Use fly control products safely to avoid pig contact with them.
4.7.3 Rodent control using an integrated pest control system to keep them out and reduce numbers that are inside
18.104.22.168 Construct and maintain the barn to minimize rodent entry – consider doors (mice only need 6mm (1/4") holes), the sill where metal siding meets concrete walls or footings, fan housing, as well as air and other inlets.
22.214.171.124 A crushed rock apron around the barn discourages rodent crossing. Grass for at least the next 3 meters from the building should be cut short.
126.96.36.199 Proper baiting both outside in protected bait boxes and inside (also attics) is needed if rodents are present.
188.8.131.52 If necessary, use a commercial pest control company to assist with managing rodents.
184.108.40.206 Meet the rodent control requirements for the CQA program.
- An integrated pest control program needs to be documented including the frequency of baiting and type of bait.
- A rodent monitoring program based on the presence of animals or fecal pellets can be implemented.
220.127.116.11 A 'no pet in the barn' policy should be understood by all staff.
18.104.22.168 Buildings should be properly maintained to keep out animals.
- A maintenance log will assist with verifying this procedure.
22.214.171.124 Equipment that has been outside the barn and may have been contaminated by domestic or wild animals should be properly sanitized before being introduced into the barn. Refer to next section for details.
4.7.5 Ensure that wildlife cannot come in contact with pigs
126.96.36.199 Maintain buildings and perimeter fences and barriers to keep wildlife away from barns.
188.8.131.52 Be aware of wild boars and feral pigs in your area- they are of most concern.